The sweeping racial changes transforming the United States come with an important demographic dimension: age. The waves of Hispanics and Asians and multiracial Americans reshaping the country?s population are full of young people, who by some measures already outnumber their white counterparts. The trend was punctuated by the arrival in 2011 of the ?rst ?majority-minority? birth cohort, the ?rst in which the majority of U.S. babies were nonwhite minorities. Consequently, the racial makeup of the nation?s younger population is beginning to contrast sharply with that of baby boomers and seniors.

For most of U.S. history, the white population has been viewed as ?mainstream? society, with sociologists viewing the assimilation of immigrants and ethnic minorities as dependent on their adoption of its way of life. Not coincidentally, whites were the numerically dominant racial group in the United States during that same time. (Between 1790 and 1980, whites ranged from 80 to 90 percent of the population.) But whites? tenure as America?s mainstream population is on the wane, in a demographic sense.

The most recent information from the census and elsewhere shows how quickly the shift is happening. From 2000 to 2010, a decade during which the white population as a whole grew by just 1.2 percent, the number of white children in the United States declined by 4.3 million. Meanwhile the child populations of Hispanics, Asians, and people of two or more races were increasing. In comparative terms, whites constituted just 53 percent of America?s young people (down from nearly 70 percent in 1990) while Hispanics constituted 23 percent (up from just 12 percent). Smaller white populations already are evident in institutions that serve youth, such as elementary and secondary schools, and census projections show the white child population continuing to decline for years to come. White children will become a minority of children under age 18 well before 2020, and, soon thereafter, the white population as a whole is projected to begin to decrease.

For most of the lifetime of today?s young people?nearly one-half of whom already are members of racial minorities?America?s white population will be shrinking.

The reason for the divergence is straightforward: In the white population, there will be fewer births than deaths, and nowhere near enough whites emigrating to the United States to make up the difference. Both of those trends are expected to continue, even as the minority child population will continue to rise, regardless of future immigration scenarios. With white fertility below replacement level, there will not be enough births to keep the total white population from falling. At the same time, there is a growing presence of new minorities among women of childbearing age, a result of the immigration of relatively young adult populations from Latin America and Asia in previous decades. Although minority fertility rates are gradually decreasing overall, the crude birth rate (births per 1,000 persons) among most minority groups remains higher than that for whites.

One corrolary to these shifts is that the white population is aging more rapidly than that of other racial groups. The 2010 census indicated that the median age for whites was 42 years. For Asians, it was 35.4. For Hispanics, it was 27.3. And for the population marking ?more than once race,? it was a staggering 19.9. Overall, just 7 percent of the minority population was age 65 or older, while 16 percent of the white population had already reached that milestone. In the years to come, the slowly growing white population will begin an accelerated aging process, while higher fertility and immigration rates mean that the minority population will not age nearly as rapidly. By 2030, approximately 26 percent of the nation?s whites but just 13 percent of minorities will be seniors.

Like the nation as a whole, 46 states and the vast majority (86) of the 100 largest metropolitan areas registered declines in their white child populations between 2000 and 2010. Amid pervasive losses in the white child population, Hispanic youth populations grew in all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and in all but one large metropolitan area (Los Angeles); in Texas, which led the nation in child population growth, 931,000 of the 979,000 young people the state added (or 95 percent) were Hispanic. Asian child populations declined in only two states and three metropolitan areas, and child populations of two or more races expanded in all states and in 96 of the 100 largest metropolita areas. In all, ten states and 35 metropolitan areas had minority-white child populations as of 2010.

The diversi?cation of the U.S. population from the bottom holds more than just demographic signi?cance. It re?ects an emerging cultural divide between the young and the old as they adapt to change in different ways.

The cultural generation gap can be linked partly to the sharp racial distinctions between the baby boomers?who are mostly over the age of 50?and their elders, on one hand, and, on the other, the younger generations: the millennial generation and young members of generation X and their children, who constitute the population under the age of 35. Baby boomers and seniors are more than 70 percent white. In contrast, millennials and young generation Xers and their children are more than 40 percent minority. At the extremes of the age spectrum, the differences are even more pronounced: As of 2010, slightly more than one-half of children under age ?ve were white; in contrast, the oldest age group was 85 percent white.

But the cultural generation gap is also a product of the specific eras during which the different groups were raised and became adults. Conceived during the prosperous post?World War II period, the baby boomers brought a rebellious, progressive sensibility to the country in the 1960s, 1970s, and beyond. With the help of the programs of the Great Society, they became the most well-schooled generation to date and the epitome of America?s largely white, suburban middle class, with which most of today?s adults now identify.

Yet the baby boomers also came of age at a moment when the United States was becoming more insular than it had been before. Between 1946 and 1964, the years of the baby boom, the immigrant share of the U.S. population shrank to an all-time low (under 5 percent), and the immigrants who did arrive were largely white Europeans. Growing up in mostly white, segregated suburbs, white baby boomers did not have much interaction with people unlike them. Although baby boomers have been interested in righting domestic wrongs, such as racial discrimination, and bursting glass ceilings, they are now joining seniors in voicing sharp resistance to America?s new racial change. A 2011 Pew Research Center poll shows that only 23 percent of baby boomers and seniors regard the country?s growing population of immigrants as a change for the better and that 42 percent see it as a change for the worse. More than one-half of white baby boomers and seniors said that the growing number of newcomers from other countries represents a threat to traditional U.S. values and customs.

The Pew survey found marked differences between baby boomers and millennials?who are known for their racial inclusiveness?with regard to agreement that the following are changes for the better: that more people of different races are marrying each other (36 percent versus 60 percent), that the population of Hispanics is growing (21 percent versus 33 percent), and that the population of Asians is growing (24 percent versus 43 percent).

Underpinning the generational divide are shifts in what demographers call old-age dependency and child dependency, which now have a distinct racial dimension. By 2020, the old-age dependency ratio for whites will exceed the child dependency ratio, and for the two decades that follow, white seniors will outnumber white children. That stands in marked contrast to the position of Hispanics, whose youth dependency will remain well above 45 through 2040, even as the old-age dependency ratio inches up to 21.

To put it another way: Although new minorities and immigrants are driving the increases in the younger and labor force?age populations, the growth of the senior population is driven by the mostly white baby boomers. The result is a potential for con?ict. There is no question that the primary concern of working-age Hispanics?and to a lesser extent Asians and blacks?will be their children rather than the older dependent population. For working-age whites, elderly dependents will be a primary concern as well as their own future well-being as they enter their retirement years.

The cultural divide opening between the older, whiter and younger, more diverse generations will require adaptation on all sides, and policymakers and citizens alike will need to approach these changes with a long view. Rather than seeing the inevitable changes as damaging to the American way of life, it behooves the nation to consider the future, and prepare now for a country that will be majority-minority.

more news blog

I Wish Someone Had Told Me This Before I Became a Politician

ноември 23, 2014

Friend, I was touched that you asked for my advice about going into politics. Anyone whose career in politics was nasty, brutish, and short?as mine was?is grateful that anyone thinks their opinion is worth hearing. All I?d claim is that my thoughts come with what Scott Fitzgerald called ?the authority of failure.? First of all, […]

прочети →

EU Chief Reassures Montenegro on Enlargements

ноември 23, 2014

The European Commissioner for Neighbourhood Policy and Enlargement Negotiations, Johannes Hahn, said the new Commission still saw EU enlargement as a priority. „Coming to Montenegro on one of my first visits really points out the EC’s commitment to the enlargement process,“ Hahn said after meeting Prime Minister Milo Djukanovic. Hahn is visiting Montenegro as a […]

прочети →

Macedonian Clerics Mull Lustration Checkups

ноември 22, 2014

A church in Skopje | Photo by: Richard Schofield The Holy Synod of the Macedonian Orthodox Church – the governing body of the main faith group in the country – is discussing whether priests should voluntarily undergo lustration tests. The topic was opened at a session of the synod this week. However, the body of […]

прочети →

Obama’s Executive Action on Immigration Is Good for American Workers

ноември 22, 2014

On Thursday night, President Barack Obama announced that he will take executive action to allow four million undocumented immigrants to live in the United States without fear of deportation. That will make their lives significantly better. Even more importantly, the Department of Homeland Security will also grant work authorizations to the affected immigrants. That won?t […]

прочети →

US Supports EU Cooperation with Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan

ноември 22, 2014

November 21st, 2014 3:23pm Posted In: Energy Security & Supply, Recent News, News By Country, More Countries, Azerbaijan, United States, Trans-Caspian Pipeline, Turkmenistan, Caspian Focus The United States supports stronger cooperation between the European Union and two Caspian countries – Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan – in order to fast-track the construction of the Trans-Caspian gas pipeline.   […]

прочети →

Macedonia Police Arrest Ex-Mayor of Ohrid

ноември 22, 2014

Former mayor of Ohrid, Aleksandar Petreski Former Ohrid mayor Aleksandar Petreski and 13 other suspects were apprehended on Thursday and taken on Friday before the Criminal Court in Skopje, which will decide on their detention. The police said Petreski was the lead suspect in an organized crime ring that they say stole 2 million euro […]

прочети →

Film review: The Hunger Games: Mockingjay, Part 1

ноември 21, 2014

Besides having a title that is a mouthful, The Hunger Games: Mockingjay, Part I will also make very little sense to those unfamiliar with the world of Katniss Everdeen. We start in medias res and have to fill in much of the story for ourselves if we never read the books or saw the two […]

прочети →

Psychic mail fraud scheme busted by U.S. feds

ноември 21, 2014

The US Justice Department has brought the hammer down on a psychic fraud scheme that solicits customers via mail that looks personalized targeting elderly and and economically vulnerable people promising wealth. WASHINGTON: Did these mail-order ?psychics? see the Justice Department coming? | Suits & Sentences | McClatchy DC. The Justice Department on Thursday filed civil complaints […]

прочети →

Sherrod Brown Should Challenge Hillary Clinton for President

ноември 21, 2014

At the risk of seeming ridiculous, I think Sherrod Brown should run for president. I know that, barring a debilitating health problem or a horrible scandal, Hillary Clinton is likely to capture the Democratic nomination. I realize too that Brown, the senior senator from Ohio, has never hinted that he may be tempted to challenge […]

прочети →

The Strange remains the same for 19 November 2014

ноември 21, 2014

?Rampal is a fraudster who exploits the gullible common man? ? Hindustan Times. Woman dubbed ?demon assassin? to be tried in April ? WTOP.com. ?Mysterious? fibers in Chino Valley are biodegradable gauze ? CBS 5 ? KPHO. Satanic child abuse claims are almost certainly based on false memories | Chris French | Science | The […]

прочети →

Obama’s Deportation Order Will Affect Fewer People Than You’ve Heard

ноември 21, 2014

As many as 4.3 million people now subject to deportation are getting a reprieve?and a chance to work legally?thanks to the executive action that President Obama announced on Thursday evening. But the phrase ?as many as? is a critical one. The real number of people who take advantage of this program is likely to be smaller, for […]

прочети →

EU parties linked to Bulgaria?s former ruling axis attack Borissov over dependence on Patriotic Front

ноември 21, 2014

Two EU-level political groupings, the Party of European Socialists and the liberal ALDE, have issued statements attacking Bulgarian Prime Minister Boiko Borissov over his government?s dependence on the nationalist Patriotic Front. On November 7, Borissov returned as head of government with a coalition cabinet based on a deal between his GERB party and centre-right coalition […]

прочети →
Страница 1 от 5512345...102030...Последна »